A certificate that is used for doing digital signatures on emails and online documents and also on encrypted emails is known as a Personal Authentication Certificate. The transmission of the data that occurs between the user’s browser and the website’s server can be protected and safe with the use of an SSL/TLS certificate. These certificates help to authenticate the servers for the clients and provide encryption to their data. A personal authentication certificate (PAC) is mainly referred to as a two-way SSL certificate.
The process of a Personal Authentication Certificate is almost similar to SSL and code signing certificate process. You need to create an account after buying a personal authentication certificate and further Certificate Authority (CA) to complete the validation proceedings.
Personal Authentication Certificate is of three types:
Two endpoints are present in all communications named the browser and server (client or website). Only one endpoint is identified and verified by the one-way SSL authentication that is the server. Server authentication certificates are the alternate name of one-way SSL certificates. The process of one-way SSL authentication of SSL handshake:
Step 1: Buying the certificate
For purchasing the Personal Authentication Certificate, all the details need to be provided by the website owner.
Step 2: Create the certificate
For generating the certificate on your account, it is important to use Internet Explorer 11 in Windows and Safari in Mac.
Step 3: Complete the requirements of Validation
The certificate type which you will request at the time of buying is dependent on the requirements of validation.
Step 4: Collect the certificate
When your certificate is ready, an email will be sent to your mentioned email address for collecting the certificate. The same web browser should be used in the same computer that was sent at the time of certificate generation.
Step 5: Certificate download or Export
After the collection of the certificate in the web browser, download the certificate from the PKCS12/PFX file which is present in the certificate store of the browser.
Step 6: Install the certificate
After downloading the certificate file from the web browser, install the certificate on your desktop or you can move the certificate into another system whenever needed.
During the SSL handshake process, the identity of the server and client are verified properly in the two-way SSL authentication. It is also referred to as mutual authentication SSL certificates. The process of SSL handshake that differs in the two way SSL authentication: