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guide to ssl

10/10/2018 by admin with 0 comments

A Complete Guide to SSL Certificate


SSL Certificates were developed in 1994 but they were not pursued aggressively till 2015 because Internet was not so hazardous back then. With all that has happened in recent past including data breach and identity theft, webmasters are under grave pressure to adopt methods that confiscates any kind of breach.

By encrypting every information that is shared between the visitor and the website, SSL certificate is helping webmasters sleep peacefully at night. While the additional security is luring bloggers and web entrepreneurs towards SSL, improved search engine rankings are just another attribute that makes these secure socket layers so popular.

But how do you find the find the perfect SSL certificate for your site? 

Let us take your through the SSL with this digital certificate guide:

What is an SSL Certificate? 

SSL stands for Secure Socket Layer, it establishes a secure connection between a visitor and site and helps prevent any kind of hacking or data theft. SSL Certificates are generally computer file or piece of codes implemented on a server. In brief, the specific functions of the file/code can be explained as:

Authentication: SSL Certificates have information regarding a person or the website. When you click on the padlock, the certificate authenticates and verifies the site and allows you to proceed. 

Enables Encryption: This is the unique selling proportion of SSL Certificates; they encrypt the data shared between the visitor and site, preventing it from getting intercepted by hackers or unauthorized personnel.

What happens when you try to access an SSL Enabled site? 

To understand the importance of SSL certificate, it is important to understand how does it works or how does the encryption works?

Step 1: You try to visit a website by typing the URL in your browser

Step 2:The browser requests the website to prove its identity

Step 3: The SSL enabled site sends a copy of its SSL certificate along with its public key.

Step 4: The browser cross checks the SSL Certificate with authorized issuer and checks whether the certificate has expired, been revoked or compromised before letting you access the site. The Step 3 and Step 4 are combinedly known as SSL Handshake.

Step 4: If the browser finds the provided certificate to be valid, it encrypts the symmetric session and send it to the website then the website will decrypt the symmetric session and cater to your needs. 

How to find out if a website has a SSL Certificate or not?

In order to check whether the website you are trying to access has an secure socket layer certificate layer or not do the following:

  • Look for HTTPS. All SSL enabled sites’ URL starts with https:// and not http://. Even if starts with http://, it will be redirected to https:// if it has an active certificate.
  • Look for the padlock symbol in the URL bar. A padlock is generally a Green Coloured Lock.
  • Look for symbols like Norton, Symantec. Presence of these symbols on the website means they have an active certificate deployed.

What are some common types of SSL Certificates?

With the help of this SSL Guide, you will be able to identify, whether a site has a SSL certificate enabled or not and you will also be able to identify, which certificate is the best for your website.
Dependent upon the security needs of a website, there are three types of SSL certificates; all of these types cater to three different types of website needs. It is obvious that a certificate that is used for securing transactions will be of no use to a website, which is static in nature and requires no input from the visitors. 

The three types of SSL Certificates and their differences are:

Domain validated certificate: Ideal for bloggers, small businesses and static websites; a domain validated SSL Certificate is a low assurance certificate. This certificate ensures that the domain is registered, verified and approved by an administration. The owner of the site needs to confirm this verification either by logging into their cPanel or by configuring DNS settings. 

Organization validated certificate: Ideal for enterprises and medical institutions. Unlike domain validated certificate, to acquire this certificate one needs to get the identity of the institution/organization/agency verified by sharing important details like location and nature of business.

Extended Validation Certificate:Helping e-commerce and large-scale enterprises claim their loyal audience base by verifying their domain, location and company registration documents. With an extended validation certification, a business can display a green padlock in their URL Bar and enamour online customers. 

Where to get an SSL Certificate and How much it costs?

Well, SSL certificates are available for free on the web but not everything that is free is bound to be good for your business. Let’s look at the varied ways you can get an SSL Certificate: 

Free SSL: The free SSL is good if you have a small site with less content and almost no visitors, it is good for reputation but doesn’t cater to needs of a large site or big enterprises. You should get one only if you are boot strapping and have less cash to spare on SSL Certificates.

>See Also – Free SSL Certificate Providers 2018

Note: The aim of this digital certificate guide is to help you understand the importance of SSL certificates and use them with in correspondence with your needs. 

SSL issued by your Domain provider: It is an ideal practice to get an SSL certificate from your domain provider because of the following reasons:

  • Domain verification becomes easier. All you need to do is click few buttons and you are done setting up for your Secure Socket Layer.
  • One stop shop for all your website need. This way you won’t have to get in touch with different entities for domain and SSL issues. You will be able to get all your issues solved at one place when you buy SSL from your domain provider.

With Internet becoming cheaper and the main mode of doing business, the number of thugs, burglar and poachers have increased by many folds hence it is important to have requisite security deployed to prevent any mishappening that can harm your business.

With SSL Certificates issued from reputed authorities, business can not only boast about a secure environment but also cash upon improved user experience and search engine rankings.

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